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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/788

NII Resource type: Journal Article
Title: 看護における人材育成(教育)の国際協力・協働に関する文献レビュー
Other Titles: Literature Review of International Nursing Cooperation/Collaboration with Educational Relationship Focused on Human Development.
Authors: 山崎, 好美
梶井, 文子
田代, 順子
鈴木, 良美
菱沼, 典子
堀内, 成子
平林, 優子
酒井, 昌子
有森, 直子
林, 直子
江藤, 宏美
佐居, 由美
林, 亜希子
Keywords: 国際
協働
協力
看護
人材育成
Shimei: 聖路加看護学会誌
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Start page: 38
End page: 44
Issue Date: 20-Jun-2007
ISSN: 13441922
Abstract: 看護における国際協力・協働における人材開発・教育領域の課題と方策を明らかにするために, 「International Collaboration」あるいは「International Cooperation」がタイトルに入り,文献中に看護が 入る文献を,検索年を指定せず選出し検討した。看護の国際協働・協力の英文献は31件あり,その中で人 材開発・教育領域での協働・協力に関する文献は23件あった。23文献を先進国間,先進国と開発途上国の 協働・協力の内容,成果,課題,方略に焦点を当て分析した。 先進国間における国際協働・協力に関する教育領域の協働の文献は,1997-2005年間に,9件であった。 協働内容は,両国間(多国間)での大学間の交流,看護実践家-の教育に関するプログラムが多かった。共 通に見られた課題は,活動運営のための財源の確保,言葉の問題,活動評価の問題等であった。インターネッ トは有効な方策と考えられた。 先進国と開発途上国問の国際協働・協力に関する教育領域の文献は,1971-2005年間に14文献あり, 内11件は1999年以降のものであった。協働内容は,看護教育者との協働(学部,修士,博士プログラムの 作成含む),看護実践家に対する継続教育,住民への教育であった。協働の過程に重要な点として,言語の みならず効果的なコミュニケーション方法の選択と維持,お互いの文化の違いを理解することであった。文 化や信条を相互に尊重すること,その国の看護の役割を理解する事が方策といえる。 先進国間ならびに先進国・開発途上国問の国際協力・協働において,異文化理解が基盤であり重要である ことが示された。違いは認識されるべきものであり,様々なコミュニケーションの方略が計画されるべきも のであると考察された。
Abstract-Alternative: The purpose of this study was to identify, through an integrative literature review, the challenges to and strategies for international nursing collaboration/cooperation among organizations seeking to promote the education of nurses and enhance the capacities of nursing personnel. We searched for relevant articles using CINAHL and PubMed, without time restriction. We found 31 articles with the term INTERNATIONAL and COLLABORATION or INTERNATIONAL and COOPERATION in their titles, and NURSING in their texts. Of these, 23 articles were concerned with collaborations for education and human resource development. We classified these articles into two categories focusing on their collaborative processes, outcomes, challenges and strategies. Nine articles published between 1997 and 2005 were classified in the first category: international nursing collaboration/cooperation between organizations in two developed countries. Major contents of collaboration in this category were nursing student exchange programs and human resource development for practitioners. Common challenges observed here were budget management, language barrier, and evaluation of collaborative programs. Internet was considered as a useful tool of communication. 14 articles published between 1971 and 2005, of which 11 published after 1999, were classified in the second category: international nursing collaboration/cooperation between organizations in developed countries and organizations in developing countries. Programs in this category were aimed at developing undergraduate or graduate courses/programs, training practitioners, and providing community education in the developing countries. Common challenges observed here were communication difficulties, which included not only language barrier but also lack of reliable means for communication, and understanding different cultural backgrounds. The key is to respect each culture and its beliefs and to understand roles/functions of nursing in respective country. Our conclusion is that mutual understanding between cultures is essential for successful international collaboration. Differences between cultures should be well recognized, and various ways of communication should be established.
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Rights: このPDFファイルは国立情報学研究所で電子化されたものです。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/788
Appears in Collections:11巻1号
4.総説・論説・報告・資料
2.学術論文
4.総説・論説・報告・資料
4.総説・論説・報告・資料
4.総説・論説・報告・資料
4.総説・論説・報告・資料

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