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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/361

NII Resource type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Title: 腰痛のある妊婦の日常生活の実態に関する研究
Other Titles: A Descriptive Study of the Daily Living Activities of Pregnant Women Experiencing Low Back Pain.
Authors: 桃井, 雅子
Keywords: Roy適応モデル
腰痛
妊婦
pregnant women
low back pain
Roy adaptation model
Shimei: 聖路加看護大学紀要
Issue: 25
Start page: 1
End page: 8
Issue Date: 1-Mar-1999
ISSN: 02892863
Abstract:  本研究の目的は、腰痛のある妊婦と腰痛のない妊婦の日常生活における機能状態を測定し比較することである。 Roy適応モデルをもとに質問紙を作成し、四つの適応様式の側面から査定を行った。質問紙の信頼性と妥当性の検討を行い、信頼性としては内的一貫性と安定性を、また妥当性としては内容妥当性と構成概念妥当性について検討した。その結果、質問紙の信頼性と妥当性は支持された。 妊婦515名のデータを分析した結果、以下のことが明らかにされた。全対象の60%にあたる309名の妊婦に腰痛が認められた。腰痛がある妊婦は腰痛がない妊婦に比べると生理的機能および相互依存において日常生活上より多くの支障があった。また自己概念についても、腰痛のある妊婦の方が、腰痛のない妊婦に比べると自己概念が低かった。加えて、腰痛の既往暦がある妊婦に腰痛が生じやすいこと、また妊娠経過が進むにつれて生理的機能はより低下することが分かった。
Abstract-Alternative: The purpose of this research is to study the activities of daily living of pregnant women experienceing low back pain and to compare those activities to those of women not experiencing low back pain. The questionnaire used for measurement was based on the Roy adaptation model.The activities of daily living were assessed using Roy's four adaptive models.The reliability of the questionnaire was supported through a study of internal consistency and stability, and the validity of the tool was supported by a study of construct validity and content validity. An effective response was received from 515 pregnant women.The following results were found.Of the 515 women who responded to the questionnaire, 309 women stated they had experienced low back pain.More difficulties were noted in the physiological function mode and in the interdependence mode among those women who experienced back pain than were noted among those who did not experience pain.A decrease in self-concept was noted more frequently among those who experienced pain.In addition, the women who had had past illnesses that included low back pain, fruquently experienced the same pain during the course of their pregnancy.Physiological function in those who experienced pain was noted to decrease with gestational age.
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桃井雅子:多胎妊婦の腰痛に対する訪問援助の評価研究, 1994年度聖路加看護大学大学院博士前期課程(修士課程)修士論文.
Rubin, Reva:Body Image and Self-Esteem, Nursing Outlook, June, 20-23, 1968.
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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/361
Appears in Collections:25号

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