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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/3461

NII Resource type: Journal Article
Title: 5~6歳児の体の知識
Other Titles: 5 - 6 Year-old Children’s Knowledge of Their Body
Authors: 菱沼, 典子
山崎, 好美
佐居, 由美
中山, 久子
松谷, 美和子
田代, 順子
大久保, 暢子
岩辺, 京子
村松, 純子
瀬戸山, 陽子
Keywords: 体表の部位
external body parts
a survey
5 - 6 year-old children
internal body parts
Shimei: 聖路加看護学会誌
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Start page: 1
End page: 7
Issue Date: Mar-2009
Publisher: 聖路加看護学会
Abstract: 自分の体についての知識を獲得することは,自分や他人の体を大切に思い,健康に気をつけて生活ができるようになること,また,医療を受ける際に,医師の説明を理解でき,自分で考えることにつながると考え,“体の知識をみんなのものに”をスローガンに,体の知識の普及を試みている。先行研究から,体についての学習プログラムは,自分の体への関心があり,また素直に関心を示すことができる就学前が適切であるという結論を得た。体の学習プログラムを開発し,その教材作成を行うに当たって,5~6歳児がどれくらい体について理解しているかを把握するために調査を行った。  5歳0ヶ月~6歳3ヶ月(平均5歳7 ヶ月)の28 名(回収率51.0 %),男女各14 名に,保護者から体の表面と体の内部についての質問による調査を行った。体の表面の24 の部位について,言葉で聞いて全員が指し示せたのは,「頭」「顔」「首」「お腹」「背中」「お尻」「足」「目」「鼻」「耳」「口」「ほっぺた」の12 部位であ り,指さされた部位の名称を,全員が言えたのは,「首」「お腹」「お尻」「目」「耳」「ほっぺた」の6項であった。より大きな概念を示す言葉を使う傾向があった。体のなかについては,「心臓」「骨」「筋肉」「血液」を90 %以上が知っていた。  5~6歳児は体の表面に関する知識はほぼ獲得しており,内部についても生活体験等と結びつけて理解しつつあり,体に関する学習の準備ができていると考えられた。体の学習の教材開発には,子どもがすでに知っていることから広げていくプログラムが適切であろう。知っている部位や名称から生活の体験に結びつけ,また機能をわかりやすく示せる教材の開発,教育プログラムの開発が求められる。
Abstract-Alternative: The gorl of this research project’s aim is to have people have knowledge of the body and take initiative in their own healthcare. According to our preceding research, the best time to educate about the body is just before school age, at about 5 - 6year-old. So we are developing teaching materials, in order to help children’s understanding about the body. This paper is a research report about how much 5 - 6year-old children know about the body. In order to develop suitable educational materials, we asked parents to use a question guide to ascertain the child’s knowledge of the body. We obtained 28 responses (51.0 % response rate) 14 about boys and 14 about girls. The children were from 5 years, 0 months to 6 years, 3 months;the average age of both boys and girls was 5 years, 7 months. Our results showed that most children had some knowledge. All children could point to their body parts as they were named head, face, neck, abdomen, back, hip, leg, eye, nose, ear, mouth, and cheek. All children could name neck, abdomen, hip, eye, ear and cheek when the parents asked by pointing out the parts on the child’s body. More than 90 % of the children knew about the inside of the body. Heart, bone, muscles and blood were given in response to a question such as, what is inside your head ? or do yo konow the bone ? 5 - 6 year-old children have already known about the surface of their body and they understood inside of the body in relation to their own experience of daily life. The result of this questionnaire gave us many suggestions for producing teaching programs about the body.
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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/3461
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