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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/2813

NII Resource type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Title: Development of a Health Education Strategy for Adolescents to Prevent Maternal Mortality in Liberia.
Authors: Johnson, Colar Clarke
Horiuchi, Shigeko
Kataoka, Yaeko
Keywords: maternal mortality
health promotion materials
Shimei: 聖路加看護大学紀要
Issue: 35
Start page: 86
End page: 97
Issue Date: Mar-2009
Publisher: 聖路加看護大学
Abstract: PURPOSE In 2003 at the conclusion of the 14 year civil war in Liberia the Liberian Ministry of Healthand Social Welfare listed the reduction of maternal mortality as a critical health need. However, the maternal mortality ratio in Liberia continued to increase. It was the purpose of this study to identify the contributing factors that led to the increased maternal mortality. As a result of our analyses, we developed a health education strategy for adolescents to prevent unwanted pregnancy, one of the contributing factors of maternal mortality. METHODS A review of literature and systematic discussions with health promotion agencies provided data for this study. Clinical information about Japan was made by the researcher during visits to three clinical sites. The clinical information about Liberia was gathered by e-mail and telephone. FINDINGS In Liberia 42% of the population are women between the reproductive ages of 15 to 49. Three community hospitals reported a total of 511 maternal deaths in 2006/2007 and 284 (55.6%) were adolescents. This number of adolescent deaths was especially high. We analyzed the factors that influenced maternal health and categorized the findings into five areas: (1) lack of adequate knowledge and poor communication, (2) gender inequities, (3) economic, social, and cultural problems, (4) lack of a comprehensive abortion policy, and (5) poor accessibility to health care. We developed a picture drama to demonstrate the unmet needs of adolescents in the community and to provide comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education. CONCLUSION The health promotion material addresses the need for sex education and empowerment of young people regarding reproductive health. It can be administered by health workers or peer educators in Liberia.
Description: 報告
The kind of text : author
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/2813
Appears in Collections:35号

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