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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/127

NII Resource type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Title: Some Aspects of Women's Linguistic Behavior in English Speech Forms - A Sociolinguistic Study -
Authors: Sukegawa, Hisako
Shimei: 聖路加看護大学紀要
Issue: 7
Start page: 62
End page: 74
Issue Date: 1-Jun-1981
ISSN: 02892863
Abstract-Alternative: Sociolinguistics involves studying the relations between language and society. It has been recognized that there is reciprocity between them:our behavior and thought in society unconsciously pattern and are patterned by our language use. In dealing with social dialects in English, three primary factors are considered relevant for categorizing varieties - social class, race and sex. In this paper we observe, based on an analysis of sexual speech variations in English, how language interacts with society. Following a brief discussion of speech differentiations related to sex in a non-European context, some characteristics of language use by men and women in English (particularly in American English) are presented in terms of (1) phonetics, (2) syntax and vocabulary. An occasional reference is made to Japanese. Most of the linguistic distinctions which are referred to for English here are "sex-preferential" rather than "sex-exclusive." Although Jespersen referred to sex varieties in English and in some other European languages early in this century, it was not until the U.S. feminist movement and sociolinguistics came into being in the late '60's that the study of women's linguistic behavior became a serious topic. Basically, the re-definition of male and female roles in society influence their linguistic behavior. We should carefully observe how the changes in their attitudes in society are illuminated by language and how language use by men and women consequently influences their social behavior.
Bibliography: Ann Bodine, "Sex Differnetiation in Language, " Barie Throne and Nancy Henley, eds., Language and sex: Difference and Dominance, ROwley, Mass.: newbury House, 1975, 134-6.
Otto Jespersen, Language:Its Nature, Development and Origin, New York: Norton&Company Inc., 1964, 234-8. (First Printed 1922)
See Cross-Cultural Summary of Sex Difference in Language in Bodin, "Sex Differentiation in Language," 134-5.
Peter Trudgill, Sociolinguistics;An Intoduction, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1974,87.
Ralph W. Fasold, " A Sociolinguistic Study of the Pronunciation of Three Vowels in Detroit Speech, "Washington, D.C., Center of Applied Linguistics, Mimeo, 1968;William Labov, Sociolinguistics Pattern, Philadelphia:University of Pennsylvania Press, 1972;R. W. Shy et. Al., Linguistic Correlates of Social Stratification in Detroit Speech Final Report, Project 6-1347, Washington, D.C., U.S. Office of Education. 1967, 241;Peter Trudgill, "Sex Covert Prestige, and Linguistic Change in the Urban British English of Norwich, "Language in Society, 1, 1972, 179-90.
K.l.Pike, The Intonation of American English, Ann Arbor:University of Michigan Press, 1945, 21.
K.L.Pike& R.S.Wells, "The Pitch Phonemes of English, " Lasguage, 21, 27-39.
Ruth M. Brend, "Male-Female Intonation Patterns in American English, " Proceedings of the Seventh Intonational Conpress of Phonetic Sciences, 1971, The Hague, Mouton, 1971, 866-870. Reprinted in Barrie Thorne and Nancy Henley, eds., Language and Sex Difference and Dominance.
Robin Lakoff, Language and woman's Place, New York:Haprper and Row, 1975, 17.
Lakoff's claim is openly attacked for several reasons including errors of reasoning by Berry Dubois and Isabel Crouch, " The question of tag questions in Women's speech;they don't really use more them, do they?", Language in Society, Cambridge University Press. Vol.4 No.3, Dec. 1975, 289.
Mary Ritchie Key, "Linguistic Behavior of Male and Female," Linguistics 88(Aug. 15, 1972), 15-31.
Etsutaro Iwabuchi, et. Al., Kotoba no Tanjo (The Birth of a Word), Tokyo, NHK Press, 1968, 139-142.
Margaret Mead, Male and Female, New York:Morrow, 1949, 135-6.
Harold Wentworth & Stuart Berg Flexner, Preface to Dictionary of American Slang (second edition), New York:Thomas Y. Growell Co., 1975.
Quotations are all from Ernest Hemingway, The Essential Hemingway, Middlesex, England:Penguin Books, 1972.
Akiko Jugaku, Nihongo to Onna (Japanese and Japanese Women), Tokyo:Iwanami Shinsho, 1979, 66.
Keigo to Keigo-Ishiki (Honorifics and Awareness of them), Tokyo:Kokuritsu Kokugo Kenkyujo Report No.11, 1957.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10285/127
Appears in Collections:07号

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